Zimbabwe
Location
Zimbawe is a landlocked country located in the southern part of the continent of Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers.
Economy
Mineral exports, agriculture, and tourism are the main foreign currency earners of Zimbabwe. The mining sector remains very lucrative, with some of the world's largest platinum reserves being mined by Anglo-American and Impala Platinum. Zimbabwe is the biggest trading partner of South Africa on the continent.
Capital
Currency
Time zone
Harare
17°50′S 31°3′E
US Dollar (USD)
Central Africa Time
South Africa
Location
The Republic of South Africa is a country located at the southern tip of Africa, with a 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) coastline on the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.
Economy
By UN classification South Africa is a middle-income country with an abundant supply of resources, well-developed financial, legal, communications, energy, and transport sectors, a stock exchange that ranks among the top twenty in the world, and a modern infrastructure supporting an efficient distribution of goods to major urban centres throughout the entire region. South Africa is ranked 25th in the world in terms of GDP (PPP) as of 2008.
Capital
Currency
Time zone
Pretoria (executive)
Bloemfontein (judicial)
Cape Town (legislative)
Rand (ZAR)
SAST (UTC+2)
Namibia
Location
Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia (Afrikaans Republiek van Namibië, German: Republik Namibia), is a country in Southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean.
Economy
Namibia’s economy is tied closely to South Africa’s due to their shared history. It consists primarily of mining (12.4% of the gross domestic product in 2007), agriculture (9.5%), and manufacturing (15.4%). In terms of revenue, mining is the biggest contributor to Namibia's economy, accounting for 25% of the country's income. Namibia is the fourth largest exporter of non-fuel minerals in Africa and the world's fifth largest producer of uranium.
Capital
Currency
Time zone
Windhoek
22°34.2′S 17°5.167′E
Namibian dollar (NAD)
WAT (UTC+1)
Summer (DST) WAST (UTC+2)
Malawi
Location
The Republic of Malawi is a landlocked country in southeast Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland.
Economy
The economy is heavily agriculture-based, with around 85% of the population living in rural areas. More than one-third of GDP and 90% of export revenues come from agriculture. The economy of Malawi has in the past been dependent on substantial economic aid from the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and individual nations.
Capital
Currency
Time zone
Lilongwe
13°57′S 33°42′E
Kwacha (MWK)
CAT (UTC+2)
Mozambique
Location
Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Portuguese: Moçambique or República de Moçambique), is a country in southeastern Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest.
Economy
Mozambique is a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The SADC free trade protocol is aimed at making the Southern African region more competitive by eliminating tariffs and other trade barriers. The World Bank in 2007 talked of Mozambique’s ‘blistering pace of economic growth’. More than 75% of the population engages in small-scale agriculture, which still suffers from inadequate infrastructure, commercial networks, and investment.
Capital
Currency
Time zone
Maputo
25°57′S 32°35′E
Mozambican metical (MZN)
CAT (UTC+2)
Zambia
Location
The Republic of Zambia is a landlocked country in Southern Africa.
Economy
The Zambian economy has historically been based on the copper mining industry. Output of copper had fallen, however, to a low of 228,000 metric tons in 1998, after a 30 year decline in output due to lack of investment, low copper prices, and uncertainty over privatisation. In 2002, following privatisation of the industry, copper production rebounded to 337,000 metric tons. Improvements in the world copper market have magnified the effect of this volume increase on revenues and foreign exchange earnings.
Capital
Currency
Time zone
Lusaka
15°25′S 28°17′E
Zambian kwacha (ZMK)
CAT (UTC+2)
Kenya
Location
The Republic of Kenya is a country in East Africa. Lying along the Indian Ocean, at the equator, Kenya is bordered by Ethiopia (north), Somalia (northeast), Tanzania (south), Uganda plus Lake Victoria (west), and Sudan (northwest).
Economy
After independence, Kenya promoted rapid economic growth through public investment, encouragement of agricultural production, and incentives for private and foreign industrial investment. Gross domestic product (GDP) grew at an annual average of 6.6% from 1963 to 1973. Agricultural production grew by 4.7% annually during the same period, stimulated by redistributing estates, diffusing new crop strains, and opening new areas to cultivation.
Capital
Currency
Time zone
Nairobi
1°16′S 36°48′E
Kenyan shilling (KES)
EAT (UTC+3)
Tanzania
Location
The United Republic of Tanzania is a nation in central East Africa bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south. The country's eastern borders lie on the Indian Ocean.
Economy
The economy is mostly based on agriculture, which accounts for more than half of the GDP, provides 85 percent (approximately) of exports, and employs approximately 80 percent of the workforce. Topography and climate, though, limit cultivated crops to only 4 percent of the land area.
The nation has many resources including gold and natural gas. Extraction of natural gas began in the 2000s. Gas is drawn into the commercial capital, Dar Es Salaam and exported to various markets overseas.
Capital
Currency
Time zone
Dodoma
Tanzanian shilling (TZS)
EAT (UTC+3)
Uganda
Location
The Republic of Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa. The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria, which is also bordered by Kenya and Tanzania.
Economy
The country has commenced economic reforms and growth has been robust. In 2008, Uganda recorded 12% growth despite the global downturn and regional instability. Uganda has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular rainfall, and sizable mineral deposits of copper and cobalt. The country has largely untapped reserves of both crude oil and natural gas. While agriculture used to account for 56% of the economy in 1986, with coffee as its main export, it has now been surpassed by the Services sector, which accounted for 52% of percent GDP in 2007.
Capital
Currency
Time zone
Kampala
Ugandan shilling (UGX)
EAT (UTC+3)
Juba, Sudan
Location
Juba is a city in Sudan, the regional capital of Southern Sudan and the capital of the Sudanese state of Central Equatoria. Juba is one of the fastest growing cities in the world and is developing very rapidy due to oil money and the Chinese coming for work and development.
Economy
The city is a river port and the southern terminus of traffic along the Nile, properly called the Bahr al Jabal section of the White Nile. Before the civil war Juba was also a transportation hub, with highways connecting it to Kenya, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. As of April, 2009, the Juba airport is the site of large numbers of flights bringing UN and NGO (Non-Governmental Organization) aid into Southern Sudan, as well as passengers and general air freight. The airport is very busy, among the busiest in East Africa.
Capital
Currency
Time zone
Juba
Ugandan shilling (UGX)
EAT (UTC+3)
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